By S. Weigert
This examine is the 1st entire review of war in Angola to hide all 3 levels of the nation’s sleek historical past: the anti-colonial fight, the chilly struggle section, and the post-Cold conflict period. it's also the 1st to hide, intimately, the ultimate part of war in Angola, 1998-2002, culminating in Jonas Savimbi’s dying and the signing of the Luena Accord. writer Stephen L.Weigert bargains a debatable account of the tactic of guerrilla war hired through the Unita insurgency in addition to an evaluate of the function and value of management in insurgency. He demanding situations the traditional view of Jonas Savimbi as a “student of Mao Zedong” and demonstrates that his technique of guerrilla struggle represented a extra complicated and nuanced model of extra impacts, particularly Colonel George Grivas of the Fifties Cyprus insurgency. additionally, this account additionally urges the reader to contemplate Savimbi’s “charisma” as a personality trait which blinded and distracted many from a extra sober evaluation of his political dispositions (reformer or progressive) and his skills as an army commander.
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Additional info for Angola: A Modern Military History, 1961-2002
69 Cabindan residents, some of whom had already joined the ranks of the Mouvement 28 Angola de Liberation de l’Enclave de Cabinda (MLEC) in 1961, were not rallying to the MPLA, and by 1963, a small separatist movement known as the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) had emerged to challenge MPLA and FNLA claims to lead or speak for the enclave’s sixty thousand inhabitants. A French analyst observed that the FNLA’s and MPLA’s shortcomings persisted long after Savimbi’s initial criticisms and faulted both movements for their continued “neglect of the need to win over the peasantry .
16 In addition to attributing special powers to Mulele, sympathetic traditional religious leaders also established numerous taboos for his military forces to observe. 17 In battle, the insurgents were to advance shouting “Mai, Mai” (“Water, Water”), which was expected to turn their enemies’ bullets into balls of mud. 18 Mulele’s association with traditional magico-religious precepts and their application to military operations elevated him to the status of a national leader. His influence, and that of his “bulletproof” troops, soon spread to supporters of the National Liberation Council (CNL) insurgency.
Several Ovimbundu kings previously had resisted Portuguese settlement in the central highlands since the late seventeenth century, and continued to rebel, sporadically, in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. 4 Like the Bakongo who rallied to Tulante Bula, many Ovimbundu were subjected to the contract labor system, which annually shipped several thousand workers to cocoa plantations in Sao Tome. Resentment against what a contemporary British author characterized as “modern slavery” was A s i a n S t r at e g i e s a n d A n g o l a n R e a l i t i e s ( 1 9 6 6 – 7 7 ) 3 3 compounded by Portuguese traders’ predatory expansion of the rum trade in Ovimbundu territory.
Angola: A Modern Military History, 1961-2002 by S. Weigert