By Marvin A. Lewis
Spain’s basically former colony in sub-Saharan Africa, Equatorial Guinea is domestic to a literature of transition—songs of freedom within which authors contemplate their identification in the context of modern colonialism and dictatorship.
An creation to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea is the 1st book-length severe learn of this literature, a multigenre research encompassing fifty years of poetry, drama, essays, and prose fiction. either resident and exiled authors provide insights into the effect of colonialism and dictatorship less than Spanish rule and think about the end result of “independence” lower than the regimes of Francisco Macías Nguema and Teodoro Obiang Nguema. interpreting those works from the viewpoint of postcolonial concept, Marvin A. Lewis exhibits how writings from Equatorial Guinea depict the conflict of conventional and eu cultures and mirror a dictatorship that produced poverty, distress, and oppression. He assesses with specific care the influence of the Macías reafricanization method and its manifestations in literature.
In displaying how the perspectives of the country correspond and diverge in works of writers equivalent to Maria Nsue Angue, Donato Ndongo-Bidyogo, and Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel, Lewis brings to gentle artists who articulate their issues in Spanish yet are African of their souls. In reading the works of either popular and rising writers, he marks the topics that give a contribution to the formation of nationwide identification: Hispanic background, the parable of Bantu cohesion, “bonding in adversity” throughout the Nguema regime, and the Equatoguinean diaspora.
Lewis presents an available advent to the paintings of valuable writers in a brand new zone of literary research and comprises the main exhaustive and updated bibliography to be had at the topic. His is a groundbreaking paintings that broadens our knowing of African literature and may be the bedrock for destiny reports of this Hispanic nook of Africa.
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Extra info for An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea: Between Colonialism and Dictatorship
In this chapter, I will focus on the postindependence work of both poets writing from abroad and those who remained in Equatorial Guinea. An example of the breadth and depth of the poetry of some of the writers mentioned by Esono is revealed in “Colaboraciones: Poetas Guineanos” (Collaborations: Guinean Poets), published in El Patio (no. 25) in June 1993. The contributions of nonexile and exile authors are included by Esono. Included in this collection is an ode to Nicolás Guillén, “Salud,” by Carlos Nsue Otong: 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 16 16 / An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea I wish to weave my word with this emotion that overcomes me and make it fly swiftly to Cuba, half African.
010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 24 24 / An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea The poem “Añoranza” (Longing) by Juan Balboa Boneke expresses a nostalgic yearning for the past: I wish to return to my yesterday I wish to be a child again and barefooted run through the rocky streets of my Rebolano truth. I wish to return to my childhood to play and jump, to sing and laugh, and to cry, perhaps: but in freedom. Yes, I wish to return; I wish to return to my yesterday. Yesterday .
Here is the light of my song and the ember of my word. (Trascender y renacer sobre cada rama del pino o la ceiba, revoleando como tórtola asidua a lo inmenso; como gaviota besando la espuma, la sal y el azul del oleaje marinero . . por Ureka, o el mar corisqueño; por La Mancha, o los Pirineos; por América y Asia, o el continente europeo; por la tierra, por el cielo . . ) (33) 010 c1 (14-64) 5/10/07 11:11 AM Page 31 Poetry: In Search of an Authentic Voice / 31 Rather than focus on historical or social issues, Bokesa’s poetry valorizes nonreferentiality and transcendence.
An Introduction to the Literature of Equatorial Guinea: Between Colonialism and Dictatorship by Marvin A. Lewis