By A. R. M. Murray
First released in 1953, this seminal advent to political philosophy is meant for either the coed of political conception and for the overall reader. After an advent and is the reason the character and function of philosophy, Dr Murray presents a severe exam of the main theories complex through political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying particular realization to modern issues.
The publication additionally attempts to outline the basic problems with philosophical importance in modern politics, with certain connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how different ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic platforms of presidency are eventually dependent upon assorted theories of common sense.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Political Philosophy
The few who have this capacity are the philosophers. there can be no rest from troubles, my dear Glaucon, for states, nor yet, as I believe, for all mankind3 Plato, in short, is advocating a form of government by experts. e. , VI, 508. At VI, 504, he speaks as though the Form of the Good were a simple universal, for he says that 'the highest object of knowledge is the essential nature of the Good,fromwhich everything that is good andrightderives its value for us*. , y 475. , V, 476. , V, 473. , VI, 493.
E. gymnastic exercises and athletics). Education in these subjects is to be normally followed, at the age of eighteen, by two years* military training after which, for the majority of citizens, the process of education is complete. 1 They are to be subjected to 'ordeals of toil and pain*, and exposed successively to terrors and temptations, and only those who pass through these ordeals without departing from the standards of conduct prescribed in their earlier education will be accepted as probationers for the office of guardian.
For the morality of the state's policy can be ensured only if its direction is placed in the hands of those whose actions are determined by reason. Hence the auxiliaries and producers, who are dominated by other characteristics, should not be allowed to share in the control of policy. In modern terms, the theory is that a minority of men are capable of sound judgment about what is right and what is wrong and should therefore be given complete control over policy. Plato is entirely opposed to the democratic principle that every citizen should be allowed to express his view, and exercise his influence, in determining policy, since he thinks it obvious that those primarily suited for the life of business or soldiering, or not otherwise trained for the functions of government, are not dominated by reason and cannot therefore be relied on to make the right decisions.
An Introduction to Political Philosophy by A. R. M. Murray