By Keijiro Otsuka, Donald F. Larson
This quantity explores the usefulness of the Asian version of agricultural improvement for Africa, the place, even sooner than the new global nutrition challenge, part the inhabitants lived on lower than on buck an afternoon, and a unbelievable one in 3 humans and one 3rd of all young children have been undernourished. Africa has plentiful traditional assets; agriculture offers so much of its jobs, a 3rd of nationwide source of revenue and a bigger component to overall export profits. but the degrees of land and hard work productiveness rank one of the worst on this planet. The ebook explains Africa’s productiveness hole and proposes how you can shut it, through analyzing fresh event in Africa and by way of drawing on classes from Asia.
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Additional resources for An African Green Revolution: Finding Ways to Boost Productivity on Small Farms
Springer, Amsterdam Part I Climate and the Transferability of Asian Green Revolution to Sub-Saharan Africa Chapter 2 Lessons from the Asian Green Revolution in Rice Jonna P. Estudillo and Keijiro Otsuka Abstract The Asian Green Revolution in rice entailed a long-term evolutionary process spanning more than four decades since the mid-1960s. The purpose of this chapter is to identify important lessons from the Asian Green Revolution in rice and examine whether the modern rice technology in Asia could be appropriately transferred to contemporary sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
Since useful rice technologies are already available from Asia, it could be possible to initiate the technology-led evolutionary processes of GR in SSA. 3 Cereal Yields in Asia and SSA In order to launch the GR in SSA, it is necessary to identify strategic crops where new technology has been effective in increasing crop yield at the farm level. 2 shows the yield of rice, maize, wheat, sorghum and millet in Asia and SSA. 2 The small yield gap before the Asian GR indicates that it is the advent of MVs that essentially propelled yield growth in Asia.
MV1 doubled the yield potential of tropical rice but its yield fluctuates greatly because it is susceptible to attacks of numerous diseases and pests (IRRI 1985; Pingali et al. 1990). The “second-generation of MVs” (MV2) consisting of IR36 to IR62, which were developed from the mid-1970 to the mid-1980s, incorporated wide-spectrum of pests and disease resistance traits and early maturity period of 110–115 days (Khush 1987, 1995). Resistant MVs contributed significantly to the acceleration of yield 2 Lessons from the Asian Green Revolution in Rice 23 growth by reducing yield variability thereby increasing the expected yield particularly during the dry season (Otsuka et al.
An African Green Revolution: Finding Ways to Boost Productivity on Small Farms by Keijiro Otsuka, Donald F. Larson