David V. Widder's Advanced Calculus PDF

By David V. Widder

ISBN-10: 0486661032

ISBN-13: 9780486661032

Vintage textual content leads from ordinary calculus into extra theoretic difficulties. exact method with definitions, theorems, proofs, examples and routines. subject matters contain partial differentiation, vectors, differential geometry, Stieltjes essential, endless sequence, gamma functionality, Fourier sequence, Laplace remodel, even more. quite a few graded routines with chosen solutions.

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Example text

Use the illustration of that exercise for n = 3. �5. Implicit Functions In section 1 we sketched briefly the method of obtaining the derivatives of functions defined implicitly. We now discuss the method in more detail. An equation of the form cannot necessarily be solved for one of the variables in terms of the other two. For example, the equation x2 + y2 + z2 + a2 = 0 has no solution if a ≠ 0. Even if a = 0, the equation does not define z as a function of (x, y) in any domain but only at the point (0, 0).

In certain cases a fundamental theorem, whose meaning is easily understood, is stated and used at the beginning of a chapter; its proof is deferred to the end of it. Believing that clarity of exposition depends largely on precision of statement, the author has taken pains to state exactly what is to be proved in every case. Each section consists of definitions, theorems, proofs, examples, and exercises. An effort has been made to make the statement of each theorem so concise that the student can see at a glance the essential hypotheses and conclusions.

The instructor would then have to supply some of the elementary material about tangent planes to surfaces. A suggested shorter course could be based on suitable portions of Chapters I, IV, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XII. W. PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION In this revision of the text the main features of the first edition are preserved. There follows below a list of the more important changes. The dot-cross notation for vector operations has been substituted for the dash-roof system. This change has necessitated the use of some distinctive designation for vectors, and an arrow over a letter representing a vector is now used.

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Advanced Calculus by David V. Widder

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