By ACI Committee 376
This code offers minimal necessities for layout and building of strengthened concrete and prestressed concrete buildings for the garage and containment of refrigerated liquefied gases (RLG) with carrier temperatures among +40 and –325°F. the rules indexed herein are appropriate to concrete foundations of double-steel tanks topic to the approval of the landlord.
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Additional info for ACI 376-11 - Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases and Commentary
Therefore, the concrete wall and foundation typically do not experience significant thermal gradients as a result of the spill. Large spills are spills whose resultant liquid levels are above the above top of TCP. Therefore, the concrete wall is subject to significant thermal gradients during both the transient and steady-state phases. If multiple independent liquid level controls are used, overfill might not have to be considered. In the case of offshore structures, refer to Appendix B for guidance on the abnormal loading conditions.
9 load factor is consistent with ACI 350, Eq. (9-6) and (9-7). 2 load factor for the OBE loading is consistent with ACI 350, Eq. (9-5), because it is assumed that the dead load will be combined with other operation loads such as settlement and live load. 9 load factor is consistent with ACI 350, Eq. (9-6) and (9-7), when the higher dead load reduces the effect of other loads. 9 when the higher dead load reduces the effect of other loads. 9 load factor is consistent with ACI 350, Eq. (9-6) and (9-7), when the higher dead load reduces the effect of other loads.
2 Thermal deformations—The value for coefficient of thermal expansion/contraction of concrete for use in design shall be the value that is appropriate for the temperature range and moisture content range to be expected in service. 2 Down to approximately –5oF, the coefficient of thermal expansion/contraction, ac, of concrete does not vary significantly. Between approximately –5 and –100oF, an increasing proportion of the pore water in moist concrete freezes, which affects the thermal deformation of the concrete as the water expands on freezing.
ACI 376-11 - Code Requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gases and Commentary by ACI Committee 376