By Umberto Eco
Le eleven septembre, los angeles guerre en Afghanistan et en Irak, le populisme médiatique au pouvoir : les premières années du troisième millénaire ne pouvaient pas échapper à l'analyse ravageuse d'Umberto Eco. Il en ressort que depuis quelque temps, le monde marche à reculons, de plus en plus vite, de plus en plus dramatiquement.
Après l. a. chute du mur de Berlin, il a fallu exhumer de vieux atlas pour retrouver les frontières oubliées depuis los angeles guerre de 1914. De los angeles guerre froide, on s'est empressé de retourner aux guerres les plus chaudes. Nous avons ressuscité le vieux strive against entre Islam et Chrétienté, et le cri ancestral de «Sauve qui peut, voilà les Turcs !» nous ramène au temps des Croisades. Le fantôme du Péril jaune resurgit, comme l'anti-darwinisme, l'antisémitisme, voire le contentieux que l'on croyait pourtant bien enterré entre l'Eglise et l'Etat...
Il semblerait que l'Histoire, à bout de souffle après les bonds qu'elle a effectués au cours des deux précédents millénaires, se soit affaissée sur elle-même et se précipite à reculons, comme une écrevisse.
Umberto Eco est né à Alexandrie, dans le Piémont, en 1932. Professeur de sémiotique et directeur de l'Ecole supérieure des études littéraires à l'Université de Bologne, il est l'auteur de nombreux essais dont remark voyager avec un saumon et de romans, Le Nom de los angeles Rose, Le Pendule de Foucault, L'Ile du jour d'avant, Baudolino et los angeles Reine Loana.
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Additional info for À reculons comme une écrevisse : Guerres chaudes et populisme médiatique
Dress is not a static bodily practice but changes depending on social context and social role. Certainly occupational dress, especially the uniform, is intended to identify the wearer according to social role in an obvious and unambiguous way. But even the uniform, which conveys a rather limited set of social messages, will be read differently depending on context – the workplace or a place of leisure, for example. While dress has often been analyzed as a static collection of garments and accessories, the manipulation of such articles by the wearer conveys important social information that is understood (again, often unconsciously) by others in the same social context, thus facilitating social interaction.
34 Whereas earlier scholars such as Bieber were interested primarily in the rendering of the garment in and of itself, Ridgway considers the relationship between the garment and the body, which is central to the present study. 36 Aimed at the general reader as well as the specialist, the text is illustrated with images of ancient monuments as well as photographs of apparent “survivals” of ancient textile techniques and practices in modern Greece. 37 Despite its contextual approach, this volume has received little attention outside of Europe.
Both authors express a desire to make their findings accessible to the public so that they might properly recognize and replicate ancient styles for themselves. ” As the first female scholars of ancient Greek dress, it is clear that they had a more holistic understanding of dress than their predecessors (and many of their successors). 3) and undertakes a statistical analysis of the frequency of their appearance in different media. 3. 7. 30 Of particular interest in Heuzey’s study is his discussion of the identity of the wearers of the different types of garments and what meanings might be ascribed to them.
À reculons comme une écrevisse : Guerres chaudes et populisme médiatique by Umberto Eco