By William Gallois
Utilizing newly-discovered documentation from the French army records, A background of Violence within the Early Algerian Colony bargains a entire learn of the different types of violence followed through the French military in Africa. Its insurance levels from distinctive case reviews of massacres to the query of no matter if a genocide came about in Algeria.
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Extra resources for A History of Violence in the Early Algerian Colony
Atomised tribal societies were unlike national cultures (if France could truly be thought to be such a thing), so the brutal treatment of local peoples was in some sense diminished by its lacking in any more general meaning. ’84 Thus the equation in which man is naturalised reaches its end point as the Arab merges into nature and is destroyed only through a more complete assault on the environment. Ducuing wrote in defense of those who were the easy targets of Bugeaud’s Parisian critics: Civilised or not, we ought to reply in support of general Bugeaud, all wars aspire to submit an invaded country.
God gives his approval to good works! All will be returned and come back to God! 58 God here is hardly a Divine who watches over one faith but not another, but is invoked as the expression of a form of trust and cultural understanding between two people whom El-Berkani feels share some kind of common understanding. He may have been a ﬁgure who was relentlessly cast as hating Christians in correspondence between French writers, but it was quite apparent that he saw religion as a form of communication when it came to engagement with his enemy.
The interpretative traps such dichotomies lead towards are quite apparent in the words of Jacques Frémeaux on this theme: In their opposition to the conquest of their country, local populations fell back on their age-old ideology of Jihad [. ] The enemy was deﬁned above else as a Christian [. ] a member of a radically foreign community, with whom it was impossible to mix without endangering ones own beliefs, traditions and institutions, and whom it would be even more dangerous to obey. 55 Although such a stark framing of the world of the early colony may seem appealing, the reality is that while such readings draw from ideas current among colonists of the 1830s, they also read such texts far too literally and ignore more pragmatic readings of this new encounter between peoples.
A History of Violence in the Early Algerian Colony by William Gallois